12/22/2008

Nihonbashi

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Nihonbashi bridge (Nihonbashi)

***** Location: Tokyo, Japan
***** Season: Non-seasonal Topic
***** Category: Humanity


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Explanation

The Japan Bridge
The Center of Edo







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quote
Nihonbashi (日本橋, literally Japan Bridge),
or Nihombashi, is a business district of Chūō, Tokyo, Japan which grew up around the bridge of the same name which has linked two sides of the Nihonbashi River at this site since the 17th century. The first wooden bridge was completed in 1603, and the current bridge made of stone dates from 1911.The district covers a large area to the north and east of the bridge, reaching Akihabara to the north and the Sumida River to the east. Ōtemachi is to the west and Yaesu and Ginza to the south.

The Nihonbashi district was a major mercantile center during the Edo period:
its early development is largely credited to the Mitsui family, who based their wholesaling business in Nihonbashi and developed Japan's first department store, Mitsukoshi, there. The Edo-era fish market formerly in Nihonbashi was the predecessor of today's Tsukiji fish market. In later years, Nihonbashi emerged as Tokyo's (and Japan's) predominant financial district.

The Nihonbashi bridge first became famous during the 1600s, when it was the eastern terminus of the Nakasendō and the Tōkaidō, roads which ran between Edo and Kyoto. During this time, it was known as Edobashi, or "Edo Bridge." In the Meiji era, the wooden bridge was replaced by a larger stone bridge, which still stands today (a replica of the old bridge has been exhibited at the Edo-Tokyo Museum). It is the point from which Japanese people measure distances: highway signs that report the distance to Tokyo actually state the number of kilometers to Nihonbashi.

Shortly before the 1964 Summer Olympics, an expressway was built over the Nihonbashi bridge, obscuring the classic view of Mount Fuji from the bridge.


© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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by Ogata Gekkō 尾形月耕 Ogata Gekko
(1859-1920)


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



. The town of Edo, Ooedo, Great Edo, Old Edo
江戸 大江戸
 


. WASHOKU
Nihonbashi Uogashi 日本橋魚河岸 (literally, "fish quay")
 



. shinise 老舗 a long-established store .


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HAIKU


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月かげや夜も水売る日本橋
tsukikage ya yoru mo mizu uru Nihonbashi

moonlight . . .
even at night water is sold
at Nihonbashi bridge


Kobayashi Issa
Tr. Gabi Greve


Selling drinking water was a normal job in Edo.
And on the bright moonlit nights life in Edo just went on and on ...
( remember, this is a time without electricity )


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うらゝ晴れ初富士近し日本橋
urara hare hatsu Fuji chikashi Nihonbashi

such fine weather -
first view of Mount Fuji
so close to Nihonbashi bridge


Mitake Koken 三宅孤軒 (1933 - )

CLICK For original LINK ... site-andoh.com


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Related words

***** Kasaibashi Bridge in Tokyo

***** Setabashi Bridge at Lake Biwa


***** 堺町・葺屋町 Sakai Machi, Fukiya Choo
. WKD : Edo Sanza 江戸三座
the three famous Kabuki theaters of Edo .




. Bridge (hashi 橋)  


. Place Names used in Haiku  


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